Ruth's tail was periodically radiographed (like an x-ray). Here the DVM who read the records recommended that the tail be surgically amputated. Yet the zoo waited another four months to perform the surgery--until after the summer season was over. Because her tail was infected, Ruth's tail developed osteomyelitis, a painful bone disease.

July 2014 Tail radiographs
July 2014 Radiograph Ruths Tail.pdf
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