In the December medical records the zoo's veterinarian acknowledges Emily (referred to as a conspecific) has attackied Ruth's injured tail in a discussion with the head elephant keeper on December 4, 2014.


Ruth's tail was surgically amputated on November 5, 2014 to remove dead and infected tissue and bone resulting from frostbite.

December 2014 Medical records
Dec 2014.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 1.2 MB